About Bangalore


About Bangalore :
Bangalore, located on the southern Deccan Plateau, is the capital of the State of Karnataka. The city, home to over 6 million people, is India's fifth largest. As a thriving business center, focusing on information technology (IT), Bangalore is considered the IT capital of India. Often called the "Silicon Valley of India", Bangalore has a concentration of software technology related activity, which is similar to that of the Silicon Valley in California.

Several speculations have been made about how the name "Bangalore" came about. Based on information from the Gazetteer of India, Karnataka State, Bangalore District section, the name "Bangalore" is an anglicised version of "Bengalooru," a word in the local Kannada language that was given to a town. The story goes that this word was derived from the phrase "bende kaalu ooru," which translates into "the town of boiled beans." It is said that King Ballala of the Hoysala dynasty lost his way in the jungle while on a hunting expedition. Tired and hungry, he encountered a poor, old woman who offered him the only food she had - some boiled beans. Grateful to her, the king named the place "bende kaalu ooru." However, historical evidence shows that "Bengalooru" was recorded much before King Ballala's time in a 9th century temple inscription in the village of Begur. "Bengalooru" still exists today within the city limits in Kodigehalli area and is called "Halebengalooru" or "Old Bangalore."

Kempe Gowda marks the four corners of the city:

Another historical figure instrumental in shaping the city of Bangalore is a feudal lord who called himself Kempe Gowda, and who served under the Vijayanagara Kings. Hunting seemed to be a favourite past time in those days. During one of his hunting bouts, Kempe Gowda was surprised to see a hare chase his dog. Either his dog was chicken hearted or the hare was lion-hearted one does not know, but the episode surely made an impression on the feudal lord. He told himself this is a place surely for heroes and heroics, and he referred to Bangalore from then onwards as "gandu bhoomi" (heroic place). Kempe Gowda I, who was in charge of Yelahanka, built a mud fort in 1537. With the help of King Achutaraya, built the little towns of Balepet, Cottonpet, and Chickpet, all inside the fort. Today, these little areas serve as the major wholesale and commercial market places in the city. Kempe Gowda's son's erected the four watch towers to mark the boundaries of Bangalore which are traceable even today and they stand almost in the heart of the present city. A hundred years later the Vijayanagara Empire fell, and in 1638, Mohammed Adil Shah, the Sultan of Bijapur, conquered it.
Power shifts from Sultans to Marathas to British:

In 1638, Bangalore was conquered by Bijapur Sultan and ruled for next 50 years. Later Mughals who held it for 3 years captured it. In 1687, the Mughal Sultan of Sira province sold Bangalore to king Chikkadevaraja Wodeyar of Mysore for 3 lakh pagodas, who built a second fort to the south of that built by Kempegowda I.

In 1759, Hyder Ali received Bangalore as a jagir from Krishna raja Wodeyar II. He fortified the southern fort and made Bangalore an army town.

When Tipu Sultan died in the 4th Mysore war in 1799, the British gave the kingdom, including Bangalore back to Krishna raja Wodeyar III. The British Resident stayed in Bangalore. In 1831, alleging misrule by Krishna raja Wodeyar III, the British took over the administration of the Mysore Kingdom.

Under the British influence, Bangalore bloomed with modern facilities like the railways, telegraphs, postal and police departments. In 1881, the British returned the city to the Wodeyars. Diwans like Mirza Ismail, and sir Vishweshwarayya were the pioneers to help Bangalore attain its modern outlook.

With the direct rule of the British Commissioners based in Bangalore, it became the State Administrative HQ. The destiny of Bangalore thus took a historic turn, making it eventually a major city of India and one of the fastest growing in the world.

After independence, Bangalore's choice as a state capital was only logical. Mysore had too many associations with the royal family to be the capital of a new state with an elected Chief Minister and a nominated Governor. Finally, for an enlarged Karnataka, Bangalore was more central and better linked with the major cities of the country.

Today, Bangalore is booming, and a look at some of its nicknames says why: "India's Silicon Valley," "Fashion Capital of India," "The Pub City of India," and on. Home to well over 6 million people, and a base for 10,000 industries, Bangalore is India's fifth largest city and the fastest growing city in Asia.

Important Historical Dates:
  • BC (-) Stone Age implements, Roman coins & burial grounds unearthed.
  • 850 AD 'Bengalooru' appears on Mauryan empire milestone
  • 1015 Chola Empire takes over City
  • C.1120 Veera Ballala II calls it 'Benda Kalooru' or 'Town of Boiled Beans'
               (after a poor woman feeds him beans in the forest)

  • 1537 Kempe Gowda I designs City as it exists today. (KG II builds the 4 towers)
  • 1638 Shahaji Bhonsle (Shivaji's father) captures City for Adil Shah who gifts it to him
  • 1640 Shivaji marries Bangalore girl
  • 1687 Aurangzeb's army captures City
  • 1690 Sells it to the Wodeyars for 3 lakhs!
  • 1759 Wodeyar gifts it to Hyder Ali who builds Lal Bagh
  • 1791 Cornwallis defeats Tipu but returns City to him
  • 1799 Tipu dies. City returned to Wodeyar
  • 1800 Bangalore GPO opened
  • 1809 Cantonment established
  • 1812 St. Mark's Cathedral built
  • 1831 British take-over administration
  • 1853 Sunday declared weekly holiday
  • 1859 1st train steams out of City
  • 1864 Sankey builds Cubbon Park
  • 1867 Attara Kacheri built
  • 1887 Bangalore Palace built
  • 1892 Chamarajpet and Sheshadripuram extensions are added
  • 1898 The great plague
            Regulations were issued for building new houses with proper facilities
            Basavanagudi and Malleswaram layouts are added

  • 1900 Victoria Hospital was inaugurated by Lord Curzon, the Viceroy
  • 1903 1st motorcar pollutes city
  • 1905 India's 1st electric bulb lit in Bangalore City Market
  • 1909 Indian Institute of Science built
  • 1917 University of Visweswaraya College of Engineering (UVCE) established
  • 1921-31 Kalasipalyam and Gandhinagar extension are added
  • 1940 1st flight Bangalore/Bombay
  • 1947 Kumara Park established
  • 1948 Deccan Herald launched
            Jayanagar extension inaugurated

  • 1954 Vidhana Soudha built
  • 1986 HSR Layout formed and extensions added till 1999
  • 2002 Banashakari 6th Stage and Anjanapura Extensions
  • 2003 Sir M Visweswaraiah layout formed
  • 2003 Chinthala Group founded by Nagabhushana KC Reddy
  • 2006 Arkavathi 1st stage formed with lot of issues
  • 2008 Major Recession hits Real Estate Market and started recovering in 2010
  • 2011 Anywhere Online registration of Property within Karnataka effected
  • 2012 Registered Chinthala Realty Private Limited



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